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CFIA-Oral

The Oral Exam

  • What happens when the FAA issues an AD (Airworthiness Directive)? Mandatory mx action.
  • How many pilot certificates? Rec, Sport, Priv, Comm, ATP.
  • What is an STC (Supplemental Type Certificate)?
  • What are eligible endorsements to become a Private Pilot?
  • If I fail a practical exam for the 3rd time, I could just take it again.
  • Renew a CFI how? 3 people through wings, 5 at 80%, add rating, seminar renew, reexam with examiner.
  • AROWS - things needed on aircraft to fly. Registration is Federal and state.
  • Engine, HP, landing gear, prop, fuel, burn rate, range, oil 10W-50, capacity, min oil?
  • 3 theories of lift?
  • Induced drag (little pressures all add up to..)
  • Force on aircraft in a turn. Slip & Skid.
  • Where do VFR endorsements? For me, having given it, retain for 3 years.
  • What topics block others? Steep turns early, instrument early, Night before XC, Ground Speed part of all turns.
  • FIA responsibilities? Service. Ethics.
  • If student is exhibiting anxiety, what would I see?
  • What weather students to let student go?
  • Hire me to run a flight school, how do I setup the syllabus, what topics in various phases of training? Designing the teaching curriculum, where would you put each of these topics?
Phase I - Level flight, Instruments, Power-on and power-off stalls, Ground reference, Solo, Steep turns.
Phase II - VOR Navigation, Night dual XC
Phase II - Solo XC
Phase IV - Preparation for the flight test

3x5 card memory aids I used to prepare:


EFFECTIVE CRITIQUE
Flexible
Acceptable to student
Specific
Thoughtful
Comprehensive
Objective
Contructive
Organized

CFI PTS cross-references pending...

Characteristics of Professionalism
Sincerity
Acceptance
Demeanor
Safety
Appearance
Proper Language
Self-Improvement?

Defintion of Professionalism
Judgement capable
Extended training and preparation
Reason capable
Code of ethics
Study and research
Service provided to others

Characteristics of an Effective Written Test
Comprehensive
Usable
Reliable
Valid
Objective
Discriminating

Characteristics of a Bad Written Test
Subjective Grading
True/False
Prefer multiple choice

Characteristics of an Effective Oral Question
1 correct answer
1 correct idea
Applies to subject being taught
Brief and concise
Challenges the student

Characteristics of a Bad Oral Question
Bewilderment
Toss-up
Oversized
Puzzle
Irrelevant
Trick

Decision Making Process (Aeronautical Decision Making)
Detect
Estimate
Choose
Identify
Do
Evaluate

Steps in the Teaching Process
Preparation
Presentation
Application
Review

Demonstrated Performance Methods
Explanation
Demonstration
Student Performance
Instructor Supervision
Evaluation

Characteristics of an Effective Critique
Flexible
Acceptable to the student
Specific
Thoughtful
Comprehensive
Objective
Constructive
Organized

Good Human Relations; How to Minimize Student Frustration
Motivated students
Informed students
Individuals - treat people as individuals
Credit - give credit
Constructive - be constructive when correcting
Consistent -
Error - admit instructor errors

Communication Barriers
Interference - outside instructor's control (psycho, enviro, physio)
Lack of Common Experience
Over use of Abstraction - generalities rather than specifics
Confusion - when a word is confused with what it's meant to represent

Guided Discussion Method (types of questions)
Lead-off Questions
Follow-up Questions
Overhead - to the whole group
Rhetorical - stimulates group and gives answer
Direct - to a specific person
Reverse - responding to a student question
Relay - pass back to another student

Lecture Methods
Briefing - facts without elaboration
Formal - to inform with little student interaction
Illustrated - speaker relies heavily on visual aids
Teaching Lecture - allows stud participation directed to desired outcome

Principles OR Laws of Learning
Readiness
Exercise
Effect
Primacy
Intensity
Recency

Theories of Learning
Behaviorism
Cognitive
Combined - same two above

Domains of Learning
Cognitive - mental activity
Affective - values, attitudes, beliefs
Psychomotor - physical skills

Levels of Learning
Rote
Understanding
Application
Correlation

Characteristics of Learning
Purposeful
Experience based
Active Process
Multi-faceted

Factors how people learn
Perceptions
Insights
Motivation

Senses How People Learn (Perceptions)
Sight 75%
Hearing 13%
Touch 6%
Smell 3%
Taste 3%

Defense Mechanisms to Student Learning
Compensation
Projection
Rationalization
Reaction
Denial
Displacement
Flight or Fantasy
(older version of FAA pub lists Resignation and Aggression in lieu of Displacement)

Retention of Learning
Attitudes
Association
Meaningful Repetition
Praise
Senses

Theories of Forgetting
Repression
Interference
Disuse

Principles Applied to Learning a Skill
Desire
Evaluation
Application
Duration
Performing
Physical
Patterns
Progress
Knowledge

Transfers of Learning
Postive
Negative

Factors that affect Perceptions

Human Needs
Physical
Safety
Social
Esteem
Cognitive and Aesthetic
Self-fullfillment
(older FAA pub lists Egoistic instead of Esteem, and omits Cognitive and Aesthetic)



Created by brian. Last Modification: Sunday 10 of April, 2011 02:51:40 EDT by brian.